彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点admin 2019-06-04 共248人围观 ，发现0个评论
在复合句中充任定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句的效果相当于描述词， 用来润饰主句中的某一名词或代词或整个主句，所以，也称作描述词性从句。被定语从句润饰的词叫先行词，定语从句一般紧跟在它所润饰的先行词之后。在先行词 和定语从句之间起衔接效果的词叫联系词。联系词有联系代词和联系副词两种。
引导定语从句的联系代词主要有who, whom, whose, which, that等。它们别离替代前面的先行词，并在定语从句中作主语、宾语或定语。
What was the name of the man who lent you the money
He who laughs lst laughs best.
The chairman of the meeting, who spoke first, sat on my right.
There are some people (whom who)we l彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点ike and others (whom who) we dislike.
The people whom who I work with are all friendly.
Mr Carter, whom I spoke to on the phone last night, is very interested in or plan.
Two men, neither of whom I had ever seen before, came into my office.
There are some people whose faces you can nevr forget.
I saw some trees whose leaves were black because of the polluted air.
English is a language which is easy to learn.
This is a folk song which is now very popular.
The river which flows through London is the Thames.
The children like cookies (which) my wife makes.
Jim passedhis driving test, which surprised everybody.
吉姆经过了驾驭考试，这使咱们都感到惊奇。（定语从句润饰的是整个主句，而不是the driving test）
Sheila couldn't come to the party, which was a pity.
John stayed here for a week, dring which time we visited the West Lake together.
It might snow this weekend, in which case we won't go to Beijing.
He is the man that lives next door.
他便是住在近邻的那个人。（定语从句润饰先行词the 彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点man，作主语）
I don't like stories that have unhappy endings.
The dress (that) Ann boughtdoesn't fit her very well.
Is there anything (that) I can do for you
We left the day (that) he arrived. 他来的那一天，咱们就走了。（that替when）
He doesn't see things the way (that) we see them. 他看问题的办法和咱们不相同。（that替代in which）
Imagine the speed (that) he drives his car! 很难幻想，他开车彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点的速度那么快！（that替代at which）
① 在限制性定语从句中，as可跟在由suc, so, the same润饰的先行词之后。
Such men as heard him were deeply moved.
I've never heard such stories as he tells.
He lifted so heavy a stone as no one else can lift.
在the same as结构中，as也可用that替代。但严格地说，the same as着重相同，the same that重视同一。
She wore the same dress as her younger sister wore.
She wore the same dress that she wore at Mary's wedding.
As everyone knows, Taiwan belongs to China.
He is from the south, as we can know from his accent.
as is known to all
as has been said before
as is often the case
as may be imagined
as has been pointed out
as often happens
but作联系词只能引导限制性定语从句，同具有否定意思的主句连用，相当于that not, who not或which not。
There is not a single student in my class but would like to study more.
我班上没有一个学生不愿意多学一点的东西的。（but = who�not ）
There are very few but are against war
很少人不反对战役。（but = who�not）
联系代词whom, which在从句中作介词宾语时，能够跟介词一同放在从句与主句之间（that, who不能够），也能够把介词放在从句中有关动词的后边，使联系代词紧跟它所润饰的先行词。
He is a man of rich experience, from whom much canbe learned.
= He is a man of rich experience, whom much can be learned from.
The school in which he once worked is a key school.
=The school (which that) he once worked in is a key school.
The manager in whosecompany I work pays much attention to improving our working conditions.
=The manager whose company I'm working in pays much attention to improving our working conditions.
This is the famous singerabout whom we have often talked.
Fortunately we had a map, without which we would have got lost.
Please pass me the book the cover of which is blue. 请把那本蓝封面的书递给我。（也可用whose cover）
She's got three lucky pens, two of which she never uses.
In our school there are about 200 teachers, thirty percent of whom are women. 我校大约有200位教师，其间百分之三十是女教师。
In the basket I find many apples, some o which have gone bad.
There are fifty students in our class, most of whom are from big cities.
Norman won $50,000, half of which he gave to his parents.
Tom tried on three shirt, none of which he was satisfied with.
⑤第一流+of+ which whom
China has thousands of islands, the largest of which is Taiwan. 我国稀有千个岛屿，其间最大的是台湾。
He usually returns home at ten, at which hour his father locks all the doors ad windows.
His wife got seriously ill, in which case he had to give up the chance of going abroad.
The two things of which they felt prud were Jim's watch and Della's hair.
他们引认为豪的两样东西是吉姆的手表和德拉的头发。（feel proud of是固定调配词组）
In the dark street there was not a single person to whom she could turn for help.
在乌黑的街道上没有一个她能够求助的人。（turn to sb. for help是固定调配词组）
I'll never forget the ay on which I first met him.
Can you imagine a proper situation in which the expression can be used
Galileo made a telescope through which he could tudy the sky.
伽里略制作了一个望远镜，经过它他得以研讨天空。(study the sky through the telescope)
Is that the house in which you once lived
那便是你从前住过的房子吗？(live in the house)
This is my pair of glasses, without which I cannot see clearly.
I, who am your best friend, will do all that I can to help you.
The family, who are fond of music, go to the concert once a month.
He is one of the boys in ourclass who speak English well.
他是班上英语说得很好的男生之一。（one of +复数名词+联系代词引导的定语从句谓语动词用复数方式）
He is the only one of the 彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点boys in our class who speaks English well.
他是班上仅有英语说得很好的男生。（the (only) one the very one the right one of +复数名词+联系代词 引导的定语从句谓语动词用奇数方式）