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            彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点

            admin 2019-06-04 231人围观 ,发现0个评论

            2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案向学霸进军已汇总收拾,考题由闻名专家结合了2019高考纲要(考试阐明)并依托最新时势为布景出的,经过此次考试,高三的考生可了解自己的温习备考状况,一同高一高二的同学也能够作为高考温习资料。

            2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案目录一览

            2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”(语文科目)试题及答案

            2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”(数学科目)试题及答案

            2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”(英语科目)试题及答案

            2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”(物理/化学/生物)试题及答案

            2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”(地舆/前史/政治)试题及答案

            附:高中英语语法知识点之定语从句

            定语从句

            在复合句中充任定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句的效果相当于描述词, 用来润饰主句中的某一名词或代词或整个主句,所以,也称作描述词性从句。被定语从句润饰的词叫先行词,定语从句一般紧跟在它所润饰的先行词之后。在先行词 和定语从句之间起衔接效果的词叫联系词。联系词有联系代词和联系副词两种。

            一、联系代词引导的定语从句

            引导定语从句的联系代词主要有who, whom, whose, which, that等。它们别离替代前面的先行词,并在定语从句中作主语、宾语或定语。

            A.who

            指人,在定语从句中作主语。

            What was the name of the man who lent you the money

            借钱给你的那人叫什么姓名?(定语从句润饰先行词the man)

            He who laughs lst laughs best.

            谁笑到最后谁笑得最好。(定语从句润饰先行词he)

            The chairman of the meeting, who spoke first, sat on my right.

            会议主席坐在我右边,他先讲话。(定语从句润饰先行词the chairman)

            B.whom

            指人,在定语从句中做宾语。在白话或非正式文体中,whom可省掉或可用who来替代,但在介词后边以及在非限制性定语从句中只能用whom。

            There are some people (whom who)we l彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点ike and others (whom who) we dislike.

            有些人咱们是喜爱的,有些人则是咱们厌烦的。(定语从句别离润饰先行词people, others)

            The people whom who I work with are all friendly.

            和我一同作业的人都很友爱。(定语从句润饰先行词the people)

            Mr Carter, whom I spoke to on the phone last night, is very interested in or plan.

            昨夜我在电话里和卡特先生交谈过,他对咱们的方案很感兴趣。(非限制性定语从句中不能用who替代whom)

            Two men, neither of whom I had ever seen before, came into my office.

            两个人来到我的办公室,我从前从未见过他们。(在介词后边不必who)

            C.whose

            一般指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语,后边要紧跟被润饰的名词。

            There are some people whose faces you can nevr forget.

            有些人,他们的脸你永久难以忘怀。(定语从句润饰先行词people)

            I saw some trees whose leaves were black because of the polluted air.

            我看见一些树的树叶因为空气污染而发黑。(定语从句润饰行词trees)

            D.which

            1.指物,在定语从句中做主语或宾语。做宾语时常可省掉。

            English is a language which is easy to learn.

            英语是一门容易学的言语。(which在定语从句中作主语,不能省掉)

            This is a folk song which is now very popular.

            这是现在十分盛行的一首歌谣(which在定语从句中作主语,不能省掉)

            The river which flows through London is the Thames.

            流经伦敦的河叫泰晤士河。(which在定语从句中作主语,不能省掉)

            The children like cookies (which) my wife makes.

            孩子们喜爱我夫人做的饼干。(联系代词which作makes的宾语,能够省掉)

            2.which引导的非限制性定语从句能够润饰前面的整个主句,相当于and this。

            Jim passedhis driving test, which surprised everybody.

            吉姆经过了驾驭考试,这使咱们都感到惊奇。(定语从句润饰的是整个主句,而不是the driving test)

            Sheila couldn't come to the party, which was a pity.

            希拉不能来参与集会,真遗憾。(定语从句润饰的是整个主句,而不是the party)

            3.which在非限制性定语从句中有时也能够作定语。

            John stayed here for a week, dring which time we visited the West Lake together.

            约翰在这里呆了一星期,在此期间咱彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点们一同游了西湖。

            It might snow this weekend, in which case we won't go to Beijing.

            周末或许下雪,在这种状况下,咱们就不去北京了。

            E.that

            指人时,相当于who 或whom;指物时,相当于which。在定语从句中作主语或宾语(做宾语时常可省掉)。

            He is the man that lives next door.

            他便是住在近邻的那个人。(定语从句润饰先行词the 彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点man,作主语)

            I don't like stories that have unhappy endings.

            我不喜爱结束哀痛的故事。(定语从句润饰先行词stories,作主语)

            The dress (that) Ann boughtdoesn't fit her very well.

            安买的衣服不太合身。(定语从句润饰先行词the dress,that作宾语可省掉)

            Is there anything (that) I can do for you

            有我能为你效力的事吗?(定语从句润饰先行词anything,that作宾语,可省掉)

            提示:

            在白话中,that有时还能够作联系副词,相当于when或介词+which结构。

            We left the day (that) he arrived. 他来的那一天,咱们就走了。(that替when)

            He doesn't see things the way (that) we see them. 他看问题的办法和咱们不相同。(that替代in which)

            Imagine the speed (that) he drives his car! 很难幻想,他开车彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点的速度那么快!(that替代at which)

            F.其他联系代词

            as 和but也可作联系代词,引导定语从句。

            1.as

            as能够在限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句中作主语或宾语。

            ① 在限制性定语从句中,as可跟在由suc, so, the same润饰的先行词之后。

            Such men as heard him were deeply moved.

            听过他说话的人,都会深受感动。(as在定语从句中作heard的主语)

            I've never heard such stories as he tells.

            我从未听过像他讲的这样的故事。(as在定语从句中作tell的宾语)

            He lifted so heavy a stone as no one else can lift.

            他搬起他人都搬不起的大石头。(as在定语从句中lift的宾语)

            比较:

            在the same as结构中,as也可用that替代。但严格地说,the same as着重相同,the same that重视同一。

            She wore the same dress as her younger sister wore.

            她穿戴跟她妹妹所穿的相同的衣裙。(as指的是与先行词类似的同类事物)

            She wore the same dress that she wore at Mary's wedding.

            她穿戴她在玛丽婚礼上穿过的同一条连衣裙。(that指的是与先行词同一事物)

            ② 在非限制性定语从句中,as可代表主句整个语句,引导的定语从句能够放在主句之前或主句之后,一般用逗号与主句分隔。

            As everyone knows, Taiwan belongs to China.

            众所周知,台湾归于我国的疆域。

            He is from the south, as we can know from his accent.

            他是南方人,这一点咱们从他的口音能够知道。

            必背:

            一些由as引导的定语从句常坐落句首,已形成了固定的说法。

            as is known to all

            这是众所周知的

            as has been said before

            如前所说

            as is often the case

            状况常常如此

            as may be imagined

            这能够幻想得出

            as has been pointed out

            正如现已指出的那样

            as often happens

            这种状况常常发作

            2.but

            but作联系词只能引导限制性定语从句,同具有否定意思的主句连用,相当于that not, who not或which not。

            There is not a single student in my class but would like to study more.

            我班上没有一个学生不愿意多学一点的东西的。(but = who�not )

            There are very few but are against war

            很少人不反对战役。(but = who�not)

            G.介词+联系代词引导的定语从句

            介词+联系代词引导的定语从句是一种十分常见但也比较复杂的定语从句结构。

            1. 介词+联系代词中介词的方位

            联系代词whom, which在从句中作介词宾语时,能够跟介词一同放在从句与主句之间(that, who不能够),也能够把介词放在从句中有关动词的后边,使联系代词紧跟它所润饰的先行词。

            He is a man of rich experience, from whom much canbe learned.

            = He is a man of rich experience, whom much can be learned from.

            他是个经验丰富的人,从他那儿能够学到许多。

            The school in which he once worked is a key school.

            =The school (which that) he once worked in is a key school.

            他从前作业过的校园是一所要点校园。

            The manager in whosecompany I work pays much attention to improving our working conditions.

            =The manager whose company I'm working in pays much attention to improving our working conditions.

            我上任的那家公司司理十分留意改进咱们的作业条件。

            2.介词+联系代词的常见结构

            ①介词+whichwhom

            This is the famous singerabout whom we have often talked.

            这便是那位咱们常常议论的闻名歌唱家。

            Fortunately we had a map, without which we would have got lost.

            很走运,咱们带了一张地图,如没有的话,咱们就会走失了。

            ②名词+of+ whichwhom

            Please pass me the book the cover of which is blue. 请把那本蓝封面的书递给我。(也可用whose cover)

            ③数词+o+ whichwhom

            She's got three lucky pens, two of which she never uses.

            她有三只走彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点运笔,其间两只从未用过。

            In our school there are about 200 teachers, thirty percent of whom are women. 我校大约有200位教师,其间百分之三十是女教师。

            ④代词+of+ whichwhom

            In the basket I find many apples, some o which have gone bad.

            我发现篮子里有好些苹果,有些现已坏了。

            There are fifty students in our class, most of whom are from big cities.

            咱们班有50个学生,其间大多数来自大城市。

            Norman won $50,000, half of which he gave to his parents.

            诺曼赢得五万美元,他将蒙娜丽莎的微笑其间一半给了他爸爸妈妈。

            Tom tried on three shirt, none of which he was satisfied with.

            汤姆试穿了三件衬衫,都不满足。

            ⑤第一流+of+ which whom

            China has thousands of islands, the largest of which is Taiwan. 我国稀有千个岛屿,其间最大的是台湾。

            ⑥介词+which+名词

            He usually returns home at ten, at which hour his father locks all the doors ad windows.

            他一般十点钟回家,在这时分他爸爸锁好全部的门窗。

            His wife got seriously ill, in which case he had to give up the chance of going abroad.

            他的妻子病得很重,在这种状况下,他不得不抛弃出国的时机。

            3.联系代词前介词的挑选

            在介词+联系代词引导的定语从句中,应留意介词的正确挑选。

            ① 依据后边动词和介词的调配联系挑选。

            The two things of which they felt prud were Jim's watch and Della's hair.

            他们引认为豪的两样东西是吉姆的手表和德拉的头发。(feel proud of是固定调配词组)

            In the dark street there was not a single person to whom she could turn for help.

            在乌黑的街道上没有一个她能够求助的人。(turn to sb. for help是固定调配词组)

            ②依据与前面名词的调配联系挑选。

            I'll never forget the ay on which I first met him.

            我永久忘不了我第一次遇见他的那一天。(the day前面一般用介词on)

            Can you imagine a proper situation in which the expression can be used

            你能想象一个运用这个词语的场合吗?(a situation前面一般用in)

            ③有时须一同考虑动词和介词的调配联系及介词和名词的调配联系。

            Galileo made a telescope through which he could tudy the sky.

            伽里略制作了一个望远镜,经过它他得以研讨天空。(study the sky through the telescope)

            Is that the house in which you once lived

            那便是你从前住过的房子吗?(live in the house)

            ④依据所要表达的意思来确认。

            This is my pair of glasses, without which I cannot see clearly.

            这是我的眼镜,离了它我什么也看不清。

            留意:

            当联系代词在定语从句中作主语时,谓语动词应与先行词的人称和数保持一致。

            I, who am your best friend, will do all that I can to help you.

            我是你的好朋友,我会尽我全部所能来帮你。

            The family, who are fond of music, go to the concert once a month.

            这家人很爱音乐,他们每月都去听一次音乐会。

            He is one of the boys in ourclass who speak English well.

            他是班上英语说得很好的男生之一。(one of +复数名词+联系代词引导的定语从句谓语动词用复数方式)

            He is the only one of the 彩票1号平台-2019天一大联考“顶尖方案”高三各科试题及答案汇总 附知识点boys in our class who speaks English well.

            他是班上仅有英语说得很好的男生。(the (only) one the very one the right one of +复数名词+联系代词 引导的定语从句谓语动词用奇数方式)

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